Daily Archives: January 7, 2016

Budapest Memorandum – Text from UN.org

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Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances 1994 with Ukraine

 

LETTER DATED 19 DECEMBER 1994 FROM THE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE CONFERENCE, THE PERMANENT
REPRESENTATIVE OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND NORTHERN IRELAND TO
THE CONFERENCE, THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE RUSSIAN
FEDERATION TO THE CONFERENCE AND THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF UKRAINE ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE CONFERENCE
TRANSMITTING THE TEXT OF A JOINT DECLARATION OF THE LEADERS OF
UKRAINE, RUSSIA, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND
NORTHERN IRELAND AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AS WELL AS
A MEMORANDUM ON SECURITY ASSURANCES IN CONNECTION WITH
UKRAINE’S ACCESSION TO THE NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY, SIGNED IN
BUDAPEST ON 5 DECEMBER 1994
We have the honour to forward to you the text of a Joint Declaration of
the Leaders of Ukraine, Russia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland, and the United States of America, as well as a Memorandum on
Security Assurances in Connection with Ukraine’s Accession to the
Non-Proliferation Treaty, signed in Budapest on 5 December 1994.
Could you please take the appropriate steps to register these documents
as official documents of the Conference on Disarmament, and to have them
distributed to all member delegations and non-member States participating in
the work of the Conference.

(Signed) Stephen J. Ledogar
Ambassador
United States Representative
to the Conference  on Disarmament
(Signed) Sir Michael C.S. Weston
Ambassador
Permanent Representative
of the United Kingdom
to the Conference  on Disarmament

 

(Signed) Olexander Slipchenko
Ambassador
Permanent Representative
of Ukraine
Head of Delegation

(Signed) Grigori V. Berdennikov
Ambassador
Permanent Representative
of the Russian Federation
to the Conference  on Disarmament

 

Budapest Memorandum – Page 2

Joint Declaration of the Leaders
of Ukraine, Russia, The United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland,
and the United States of America

 

The Leaders of Ukraine, Russia, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland, and the United States of America met during the summit meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe.

The leaders discussed the evolution of European security architecture. They
underscored their determination to support the increasingly strong tendencies toward
the formation of security based on political partnership, and to cooperate in the further
development of a security system which embraces all the CSCE states, This will involve
the evolution – given the new realities of transatlantic and regional mechanisms of
security in a manner that enhances the security and stability of all CSCE states.

They are committed to continuing the process of building political, military, and
economic security in an undivided Europe, in which integration, openness for
participation, and transparency are characteristic.

The leaders confirmed that CSCE commitments in the area of human rights,
economics, and security represent the cornerstone of the common European security
space, and that they help ensure that countries and peoples in this space are not
subjected further to the threat of military force or other undesirable consequences of
aggressive nationalism and chauvinism.

They noted that the historical changes in the world, including the end of the
confrontation between blocs of the “cold war”, create favorable conditions for the
further strengthening of security and stability on the European continent and for deep
reductions in nuclear forces.

In this regard, the leaders discussed the implementation of the Trilateral
statement of January 14, 1994. They noted progress in the implementation of this
Statement.

The leaders also confirmed that an important contribution to the broader process
of strengthening security and stability is also made by such agreements as the Treaty on
Conventional Forces in Europe, the Open Skies Treaty, and confidence and security
building measures.

Budapest Memorandum – PAGE  3 

 

CID/1285
page 3

MEMORANDUM ON SECURITY ASSURANCES IN CONNECTION WITH
UKRAINE’S ACCESSION TO THE NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY

The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, the United States of America, and Ukraine,

Welcoming the accession of Ukraine to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of
Nuclear Weapons as a non-nuclear-weapon state,

Taking into account the commitment of Ukraine to eliminate all nuclear weapons
from its territory within a specified period of time,

Noting the changes in the world-wide security situation, including the end of the
Cold War, which have brought about conditions for deep reductions in nuclear forces,

Confirm the following:

1. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine, in
accordance with the principles of the CSCE Final Act, to respect the independence and
sovereignty and the existing borders of Ukraine.

2. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the
threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of
Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine except in
self-defence or otherwise in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

3. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to Ukraine, in
accordance with the principles of the CSCE Final Act, to refrain from economic
coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by Ukraine of the
rights inherent in its sovereignty and thus to secure advantages of any kind.

4. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to seek immediate
United Nations Security Council action to provide assistance to Ukraine, as a non-
nuclear—weapon state party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,
if Ukraine should become a victim of an act of aggression or an object of a threat of
aggression in which nuclear weapons are used.

5. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm, in the case of Ukraine, their
commitment not to use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear-weapon State Party to
the Treaty on the Non—Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, except in the case of an attack

CD/1285 page 4

on themselves, their territories or dependent territories, their armed forces, or their allies, by such a state in association or alliance with a nuclear weapon state.

6. The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America, and Ukraine will consult in the event a situation arises which raises a question concerning these commitments.

This Memorandum shall enter into force on the date of its signing and shall be registered pusuant to article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

Done at Budapest on 5 December 1994 in four copies. English, Russian and Ukrainian texts of this Memorandum are equally authentic.

 

FOR THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION FOR UKRAINE FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IREI-.AND FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

 

 

https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G94/652/92/PDF/G9465292.pdf? – original PDF OpenElement

 

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rferl.org/a/ukraine-explainer-budapest-memorandum/

 

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