Antifa is a political movement in Germany composed of multiple far-left, autonomous, militant groups and individuals who describe themselves as anti-fascist. According to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and the Federal Agency for Civic Education, the use of the epithet fascist against opponents and the understanding of capitalism as a form of fascism are central to the movement. The Antifa movement has existed in different eras and incarnations. The original organisation called Antifa was the Antifaschistische Aktion (1932–1933), set up by the then-Stalinist Communist Party of Germany (KPD) during the late history of the Weimar Republic. After the forced dissolution in the wake of the Machtergreifung in 1933, the movement went underground. In the postwar era, the historical Antifaschistische Aktion inspired a variety of different movements, groups and individuals in Germany as well as other countries which widely adopted variants of its aesthetics and some of its tactics. Known as the wider Antifa movement, the modern Antifa groups have no direct organisational connection to the historical Antifaschistische Aktion.
The modern Antifa movement has its roots in the West German Außerparlamentarische Opposition left-wing student movement and largely adopted the aesthetics of the first movement while being ideologically somewhat dissimilar. The first Antifa groups in this tradition were founded by the Maoist Communist League in the early 1970s. From the late 1980s, West Germany’s squatter scene and left-wing autonomism movement were the main contributors to the new Antifa movement and in contrast to the earlier movement had a more anarcho-communist leaning.
ANTIFA WIKIPEDIA https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antifa_(Germany)
- Antifaschistische Aktion (‘Anti-Fascist Action’), German group active in 1932–1933
- Anti-Fascist Action, a British group active 1985–2001
- Antifascistisk Aktion, a Swedish group active since 1993
- Rosa Antifa, an Austrian group in Vienna active since 1995
- Rose City Antifa, an American group in Portland, Oregon, active since 2007
ANTIFA in USA
pretends to be separate fom Anrifa in Germany